ES - Earth Science (ES)

ES 131. Earth Science/Physical Geology. (4 Credits)

Basic principles governing the dynamic Earth including plate tectonics,volcanism, earthquakes, geologic time, rocks, minerals, weathering and erosion. Three class periods; one 2-hour laboratory period per week. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Special fee: $30.00.

Course Fees: $50

ES 132. Historical Geology. (4 Credits)

The development of the earth as deduced from the examination and interpretation of rocks. Special attention given to the identification and significance of fossils. Three class periods; one 2-hour laboratory period per week. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisites: ES 121 or ES 131, or departmental approval. Special fee: $30.00. (Spring)

Course Fees: $50

ES 133. Earth Science/Earth Systems. (4 Credits)

Major concepts of meteorology, oceanography,and astronomy with selected examples of interrelationships.Three class periods; one 2-hour laboratory period each week. Field trips and/or term projects may be required.

Course Fees: $50

ES 199. Service Learning. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to introduce students to Service Learning through the integration of academic learning about local, national, and global issues with service work addressing those concerns. Approval of supervising department required. (Offered upon sufficient demand.)

ES 247. Sustainable Earth. (4 Credits)

This course explores historical and contemporary environmental issues in Earth science with an emphasis on human-environmental relationships and their influences on sustainability. Inquiry into regional and global environmental issues in geoscience allows students to identify causes, effects, and potential solutions to problems. The course supports the development of geoscience literacy, informed by current scientific understanding of Earth, which is critical to the promotion of good stewardship, sound policy development, and the understanding of diverse perspectives, behaviors and outcomes. Three class periods and one two hour laboratory, ES 247 L, meet weekly. Prerequisite or concurrent enrollment: ES 131 or ES 133 (Spring, Fall).

Course Fees: $50

ES 251. Environmental Systems. (4 Credits)

This course introduces methods of modeling dynamic systems, with particular emphasis on environmental systems which are foundational to interdisciplinary perspectives of sustainability, A focus in understanding sustainability is placed on the predicting the behavior of systems through time. One 2-hour laboratory period meets each week. Prerequisite or Concurrent Enrollment: Earth Science (ES 131 or ES 133) (Spring, Fall)

Course Fees: $50

ES 308. Science for the Elementary School Teacher. (3 Credits)

Selected topics from elementary school science teaching units, including biology, chemistry, physics, geology, astronomy, and meteorology; practical techniques in the development and use of teaching materials and science equipment, the collection and preservation of specimens, and demonstration; consideration of the role of science in the elementary school; study of new curricula. This course cannot be used as a 300-level elective in any major or minor other than Elementary Education. Prerequisites: BI 101 or 111 and ABI/FBI Background Clearance; Recommended ES 131 or ES 133 or EPermission of Department Chair, ES recommended course may be taken concurrently with ES 308. Special fee: $30.00. (Fall, Spring)

Course Fees: $50

ES 330. Meteorology. (3 Credits)

Components of weather systems; atmospheric temperature, pressure, and humidity; interpretation of weather maps and elements of forecasting. Also listed as GE 330 but creditable only in field for which registered. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisite: ES 121 or GE 111 or departmental approval. (Fall)

ES 348. Earth: Sustainable Resources. (4 Credits)

This course supports understanding of the field of sustainability in the context of the systems of Earth Sciences. Sustainability is commonly defined as meeting the needs of the generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It is characterized by the overarching concerns: maintaining ecological and environmental health; creating economic welfare; and ensuring social justice. This course explores how the human and natural systems interact in a time of visible climate change, diminishing natural resources, and rising rates of consumption through using real world examples. Three one-hour lectures and one two-hour laboratory weekly. Course Fee $50.00. (Spring) Prerequisites: ES 131 or ES 133.

Course Fees: $50

ES 350. Introduction to Geophysics. (4 Credits)

A geophysics course in which physics is applied to studies of Earth structure and dynamics from crust to core. The study includes exploring geophysical tools like seismology, gravity, magnetism, heat flow, and geodesy which are used to understand the age, whole-earth and near-surface structure, and to quantify the kinematics and dynamics of plate tectonics. Three class periods each week and one two-hour laboratory each week. Concurrent enrollment in laboratory required. Prerequisites: PH 251 and MA 125.

Course Fees: $50

ES 359. Special Course. (1-6 Credits)

Course number reserved for special courses offered from time to time in response to special circumstances. The courses are discipline specific with variable credit and when offered, they are identified by department content and credit.

ES 365. Data Analysis in Geophysics. (3 Credits)

Emphasis is placed on manipulation and analysis of geophysical data in a Unix/Linux environment. Topics will include Unix, programming in MATLAB®, scripting (sh and csh), AWK, Seismic Analysis Code (SAC), Generic Mapping Tools (GMT), and Adobe Illustrator, and an overview of Fortran and C. Students will acquire a working knowledge of a wide range of scientific programming and scripting languages implemented by geoscientists. Three class periods each week. Prerequisite: ES 131, ES 350 or departmental approval.

Course Fees: $50

ES 369. Special Course. (1-6 Credits)

Course number reserved for special courses offered from time to time in response to special circumstances. The courses are discipline specific with variable credit and when offered, they are identified by department content and credit.

ES 375. Technology and the Environment. (3 Credits)

A course designed to acquaint the student with the dynamic state of our technological world; interrelationships of pollution, energy, natural resources, food, and populations, with emphasis on human health issues. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisite: advanced standing or departmental approval. (Spring, odd-numbered years)

ES 380. Teach Science in Secondary Sch. (3 Credits)

Examines the problems of teachers in secondary science in integrating laboratory activities into the science curriculum. Provides experiences in planning, preparation, teaching and evaluation of laboratory activities. Considers the use of technology, safety, hazardous waste, teaching resources, student textbooks, and the Alabama Course of Study. Two class periods; one 2-hour laboratory period per week. Field trip and/or term project may be required. This course cannot be used as a 300-level elective in any major or minor other than secondary education. Also listed as BI 380, CH 380, and PH 380 but creditable only in the field for which registered. Special fee: $30.00. (Fall, even-numbered years)

Course Fees: $50

ES 389. On-Campus Internship. (3 Credits)

ES 399. Departmental Service Learning. (1-6 Credits)

This course is designed to provide students the opportunity to integrate academic learning about vital service issues within a specific discipline with service work addressing those issues. This course may be repeated for a maximum of six credits. Approval of supervising department required. (Offered upon sufficient demand.)

ES 410. Tectonics. (3 Credits)

Plate tectonics is the fundamental theory in geology that illuminates dynamic Earth processes. The theory explains the volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain, and the oceans. Students will investigate topics such as historical continental drift, earthquakes, subduction zones, the creation and destruction of the ocean floor, and mountain building and interpret data relates to these. Three class periods each week. Prerequisite: ES 131 or ES 133.

Course Fees: $50

ES 420. Seismology. (4 Credits)

This course provides an introduction to concepts in seismology. Studies include wave propagation in the Earth as well as constraints on Earth structure and earthquake theory, development of the wave equation, source theory, and array seismic tomography. Techniques will be introduces in single wave propagation, array seismology with large data sets, seismic tomography, seismic anisotropy, introduction to inverse theory, signal processing, and reflection seismology. Applications and seismic image analysis relevant to plate tectonics, earthquakes, and the Earth's interior will be discussed. Three class periods each week and one two-hour laboratory each week. Concurrent enrollment in laboratory required. Prerequisites: ES 131, ES 350 or department approval.

Course Fees: $50

ES 431. Structural Geology. (3 Credits)

The nature, classification, origin, and quantification of geologic structures, with emphasis on sedimentary rocks. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisite: ES 131. (Fall, odd-numbered years)

ES 431L. Structural Geology Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory analysis, including computer mapping of folds, faults, and other structural features. Laboratory exercises are designed to develop computer skills. Required for geology major. One 2-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in ES 431. (Fall, odd-numbered years)

ES 445. Mineralogy. (4 Credits)

Crystal chemistry, crystallography; physical properties of minerals; mineral stability, identification, and occurrence. Three class periods; one 2-hour laboratory per week. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisite: ES 131. Special fee: $30.00. (Fall, odd numbered years)

Course Fees: $50

ES 455W. Paleobiology. (4 Credits)

Fundamental biological problems, including speciation, systematics, evolution, extinction, functional morphology, paleoecology, and biogeography will be addressed from the perspective of the fossil record. Three class periods; one 2-hour laboratory per week. Field trips and/or term projects may be required. Prerequisite: ES 132 or departmental approval. Special fee: $30.00. Also listed as BI 455W, but creditable only in the field for which registered. (Fall, even-numbered years)

Course Fees: $50

ES 480. Topics in Earth Science. (1-4 Credits)

Topics will be selected from astronomy, environmental science, geology, marine geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Departmental approval required. Special fee: $30.00 (may be required depending on the topic). (Offered on sufficient demand)

Course Fees: $50

ES 480W. Topics in Earth Science. (1-4 Credits)

Topics will be selected from astronomy, environmental science, geology, marine geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Departmental approval required. (Offered on sufficient demand)

ES 481. Topics in Earth Science. (1-4 Credits)

Topics will be selected from astronomy, environmental science, geology, marine geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Departmental approval required. Special fee: $30.00 (may be required depending on the topic). (Offered on sufficient demand)

Course Fees: $50

ES 482. Topics in Earth Science. (1-4 Credits)

Topics will be selected from astronomy, environmental science, geology, marine geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Departmental approval required. (Offered on sufficient demand)

ES 488. Hydrogeology. (3 Credits)

The interrelationships between water and geologic materials and processes, primarily subsurface water. Prerequisite: ES 131. (Spring, even-numbered years)

ES 489. Senior Capstone Research. (1-3 Credits)

Students will pursue an area of field-based research interest in sustainability related to the Earth Sciences. Projects are subject to faculty approval prior to engagement. Students will meet regularly with the assigned faculty member(s) to develop the project plans, to implement plans, and to prepare a paper reflecting the research. Scheduled work and conferences equal three hours per week per credit hour. Students will present research to at least one professional group. A maximum of 2 credit hours may be offered in the summer. A total of 3 credit hours required. Prerequisite: Departmental approval required (Spring, Summer, Fall)

Course Fees: $50

ES 495. Directed Research. (1-3 Credits)

Experimental, theoretical, or computational investigation of problems in physics under the direction of departmental faculty, with enrollment and projects subject to prior approval of the department. Formal reports of research progress will be required for credit. Scheduled work and conferences require a minimum average of three hours per week per credit hour. May be repeated up to a maximum of six credit hours. A maximum of 2 credit hours will be offered during the summer term. Also listed as PH 495 but creditable only in field for which registered. Prerequisite: Departmental approval required.

Course Fees: $50